The (engineered) thermoplastic material is more durable than wood, fiberglass, or aluminum. MULTI-SPAN, NORMAL DURATION OF LOAD, DRY CONDITIONS Thickness Face Grain Parallel to Supports (inches) Load Face Grain Across Supports Span, Center-to-Center or Span Governed Span, Center-to-Center of Supports (inches) of Supports (inches) Rating By 12 16 19. When shipping heavy unit loads, more product can be shipped per load when lighter weight pallets are used. ICC Code Counts Article: June 2017 Load Duration Factors Hed: Explaining the Meaning of Load Duration Factors. As per national design specification for wood construction, the bearing area factor is employed to bearings of any length at the end of the member, and to all bearing that 6 inch or more in length at any other location. Europe, Asia, Africa - anywhere a container will go we can get it there. ) Dead load of roof of wood shingle construction = 10 lbs. 1282 m3 1 Cord = 2. , Suite 450 - Duluth, GA 30097 © 2020. Add that to the weight of the bridge, and you are looking at another 1000 lbs is my guess. All wood is specified in pounds per cubic foot. Logistics can be tricky at the best of times, the pallet calculator, also known as a TI HI Calculator, will automatically calculate volumetric weight, maximum carton load, pallet load efficiency and provide other logistics information. However, denser wood species often contain less water, so log weights don't vary as much by species as do dry lumber weights. Steel, Wood and Concrete Beam Calculator Of course, it is not always possible (or practical) to derive a closed-form solution for some beam configurations. Cookies are pieces of information stored on your computer in simple text files which our server can read and record. Determine Total Horizontal Load. The total weight of your boat, engine, fuel, water and gear must not exceed the trailer’s maximum load carrying capacity. Redwood lumber is very soft and lightweight, with a decent strength-to-weight ratio. On the other end, a 2x6 can support a V8 engine of between 600 - 700 lbs. Loads are calculated in accordance with Table 3. Free June 2020 salary information matched to your exact job profile. Directions: Select wood species and grade (or enter values for modulus of elasticity, E, and allowable stress, F c, after setting "Species" for "Other"), wet service conditions, duration of load factor (C D), and effective column height for both axes (unless braced at different points, both heights should be the same -- see Fig. 8 tons allowable load. Maximum spans are inside to inside of bearings Lumber Span Tables for Spruce-Pine-Fir South (SPFs)**. After they're up, you can snap a line to mark and trim the tails in a nice straight line, to make up for any ridge warp or marking, cutting and fixing errors. Unlike Blueprints (Lootable items that give you access to Crafting Recipes), Engrams are non-lootable, persist through player death, and do not take up any Weight or inventory space. This calculator is useful in providing approximate weights for species, but the user should be careful in how the product is used. Example Roof Truss Analysis 3 / 6 Stability & Determinacy assume that truss is externally statically determinate for gravity loads Num_Forces = 33 + 3 =36 Num_Eqns = 18 x 2 =36 therefore stable & determinate Dead Load Roof & Ceiling Wt: weight, psf 20 ga metal deck 2. Increasing the total weight on the floor to 4,480 pounds, however, results in a live load of 40 psf, which is beyond the floor's load capacity. About Wood chips, dry; 1 cubic meter of Wood chips, dry weighs 380 kilograms [kg] 1 cubic foot of Wood chips, dry weighs 23. Paver Calculator Reduce time by 90% and improve overall accuracy with the Unilock Paver Calculator. The site also includes a predictive tool that suggests possible conversions based on input, allowing for easier navigation while learning more about various unit systems. The Quick Reference and Allowable Load tables in this guide are only for uniform loads on simple (single) or equal, continuous (multiple) span members as noted in each table. 3/4" plywood weight capacity Brenda, Do you know the load limit for shelving on 3/4 plywood that spans 44wide by 92 in length. To avoid dangerous situations like rolling or jackknifing, be sure to follow these guidelines:. For plywood, learn how to estimate the weight of plywood panels. This is conserva-tive for load durations less than normal load duration. Small size pick-up heaping load is 1 ½ cubic yards. We also have a forklift manlift basket 48" x 48" x 50" high, constructed of 1. User can get quick and easy calculation of how many product(s) will fit in a shipping container?. The sag calculation isn't that complex. You must unload truck, drivers are not responsible for unloading. Although we do specialize in finding work for couriers and truckers seeking freight under 10,000 Lbs. These span tables are calculated based on MOE and Fb values. , the maximum bending moment would be 12 x 600/8 = 900 foot-pounds. Integrated into each beam case is a calculator that can be used to determine the maximum displacements, slopes, moments, stresses, and shear forces for this beam problem. Today I stacked a lot of lumber into mine, and it seemed the rear sagged quite a bit. Rafter span tables - Use these tables to determine lengths, sizes and spacing of rafters based on a variety of factors such as, species, load, grade, spacing and pitch. 3) Check to cycle through the live loads being placed on each span in every combination of spans. Galvanized or Painted Finish. › weight load calculator lumber Wood beam calculator - Cornell University Courses. Need to know how much it will cost to buy 294 pieces of 2x4x16′ at $400/Thousand Board Feet? Check out our lumber pricing calculator above. Basically, you need to calculate the moment of inertia for the shelf's cross-section, determine how it's loaded (even load over the length, or concentrated in the middle), and whether it's fixed on the ends or free to move. then hang the pipe between the two from the center of the spanners. The next day I noticed a big truss poster on the wall of the lumber company. Its revolutionary torque-reduction channel traps dust where it can’t obstruct the thread action, drastically reducing binding, stripping or snapping. This is a rare find in this condition as it may have only been test run! The collection this car was in appears to have mostly 1960's era models. Use our optimizer to calculate the best way to cut lengths of steel, metal, timber or wood or any other lengths of material. A 70 kg individual unloading lumber (low to moderate effort) for 30 minutes expends the following: (3. if the roof is high enough put a spanner between two on one end and two on the other end in the crotch where the members meet. We have multiple manufacturing facilities and warehouses committed to delivering you the products you need when and where you need them. Dimension lumber can be purchased as dry or. While glue laminated wood veneers were in use since the middle of the 19th century on a small scale for furniture and pianos, Troutner was the first to develop a laminated veneer lumber of a scale large enough to be used in construction. Pull needed to move belt and load. Integrated into each beam case is a calculator that can be used to determine the maximum displacements, slopes, moments, stresses, and shear forces for this beam problem. All these factors add up to higher ceilings, because a smaller I-joist will carry the load of a deeper one made from dimensional lumber, and systems don't need to run under the ceilings in added framed channels, or soffits. Each of our dumpster sizes has a weight limit that represents the amount of debris we can haul on the road. of Coquitlam,BC. All data is in imperial units (Inches). Hamsley Hardwood is a small sawmill and lumber drying facility producing high quality hardwood lumber in Haynesville GA, just 40 miles south of Macon and serving the local communities of Perry, Warner Robins, Hawkinsville, and only a short drive from Atlanta, GA. If you’re using common construction lumber, a 1 inch board is actually 3/4″ and a 2 inch board is 1-1/2″ thick. Load Bearing Surface - Actual area of material in contact with and supporting a unit load. 25 inch for two-inch nominal lumber framing and 0. For a beam spanning a 12-foot room and supporting a weight of 600 lbs. A dense wood that bears weight on the ends of those fiber bundles, like a stump does, can achieve the load carrying capacity of structural steel. per square foot. The density and weight of lumber varies with the water or moisture content in the wood. Design Properties Ci MOE (E) 0. Moisture Content of WoodThe weight of the. • Tables will accommodate beam slopes to a maximum of 2:12. foot or cord volume using weight scale factors. Use Our Dumpster Weight Chart To Find the Best Size. The weight distribution of the dry chips is Condition Weight (lb) Percent Oven-dry wood (Wod) 149. Uniformly Distributed Load. LiveCareer makes finding a job faster and less painful with easy-to-use resume templates, professional resume writing services, a job search platform, and more!. • Bearing lengths are based on 1300 psi specified strength for 3100F b-2. *CertainTeed uses cookies on our website in order to improve site performance, offer you a better browsing experience and enable you to easily share content. For any rafter, the portion of the roof deck that transfers this load is the tributary area. Purlins can be laid flat (1. Our lumber pricing is based on board feet (BF). Volume → Weight Size / dimensions → Volume. Calculate the Merchantable Volume and Green Weight of a Log. 1 of AS/NZS 1170. What is Hempcrete? Hempcrete is a bio-composite made of the inner woody core of the hemp plant mixed with a lime-based binder. Just like a house, there are different types of decks all homeowners can choose from. Make the mark, then put an X on the far side to denote stud placement: Start of Wall →. Under most US codes your current framing and proposed weight will cause no problem whatever. Around 85% of the pressure-treated wood in the US is made from southern yellow pine. ber of board feet of lumber in the tree. Our Easy To Use Dumpster Calculator Chart, Helps You Determine The Size & Weight Of Your Project Debris. It could be the weight of the materials, equipments or any other components in the structure that will remain permanent throughout the life of the structure. 63 Note that roofs exceeding an angle of 30 degrees may reduce the ground snow load. Lumber design values are adjusted by the incising factor Ci. Easy Rafters is designed to calculate shed roofs that are framed to a ledger board nailed against a vertical wall, not freestanding shed roofs supported by walls at both ends. Updated design values for Southern Pine dimension lumber, effective June 1, 2013, are. The nicknames for lumber sizes. 30,000 LB Load Capacity! For Vertical / Horizontal Support. For example, hardwood lumber weighs more than softwood lumber due to higher densities. Do not round up to the next foot. The article explains right from the basics of load distribution over beams and moves into the core of the subject as it finally unfolds all the expressions required for the calculations of beam loads. • values are for total load (dead load + live load). Support Beam: The beams take all the weight from the floor joists and transfer this load onto the posts and ultimately to the concrete footings in the ground. Dead load is basically the load created by the weight of the deck itself. An explanation of the variables:. Joist hangers represent a critical design component that helps ensure a building's structural integrity. Lumber plays a big role in many homes. User can get quick and easy calculation of how many product(s) will fit in a shipping container?. You could try to figure out what the live loads and dead loads for the bed are and go from there. Gambrel trusses are very popular for barns with hay storage. If you need to haul a stack of two-by-sixes in your own trailer or figure out how much you might save by letting a load of green wood dry out before shipping, you'll want to make the acquaintance of the formula you need. The DTFL should select the formula for. Machine Stress Rated Lumber (MSR) Lumber which has been individually tested by a machine at the lumber mill to determine its structural design properties. Gambrel trusses can also have a room built in, just like a attic truss (see Below). Double diagonally sheathed lumber dia-phragms shall be constructed of two layers of diagonal sheathingboardsat90degrees(1. Linear cutting list calculator app - optimiser - free. Typical weights for green, kiln dried and pressure treated lumber boards are indicated in the tables below. Moisture Content of Wood The weight of the. A high BMI can be an indicator of high body fatness. New advanced equipement and design development aircraft extrusion company can now offer rolled extrusions. 130F=11,888,000lbs. this new value when multiply by 1,5 should not exceed the total factored load (wf);. Load line is a special marking positioned amidships which depicts the draft of the vessel and the maximum permitted limit in distinct types of waters to which the ship can be loaded. Here is a series of "Wood Doctor Approved" calculators to make your lumber and timber related estimating a little easier. 1 to Load weight to get SWL of sling 10 m 12 x 75% = 9 9 x 3. Once you have the Total Load on the Beam, it is divided by 2 to determine the load that is transferred to each end of the Beam, which is transposed to either the wall or a column. The top column labled SPAN CARRIED BY BEAM determines the span supported by your beam. 2 2x8 2x8 2x4 6. Use the span tables below to determine allowable lengths of joists and rafters, based on size and standard design loads. Dimension lumber can be purchased as dry or. Calculate the Merchantable Volume and Green Weight of a Log. The following data is standard reference and size data for commercially available lumber within the USA. Students learn about the types of possible loads, how to calculate ultimate load combinations, and investigate the different sizes for the beams (girders) and columns (piers) of simple bridge design. (1) Crossarm braces are primarily installed to stabilize the horizontal position. 8psf Metal Suspension with Tile 1. A full description of a given Stud Grade would be something like 2X4 7’8-5/8 Stud Grade S/P/F, or 2X6 7’8-5/8 Stud Grade S/P/F. (Bourget Bros. Modulus of Elasticity of Wood, Wood Engineering Design Data. They are: Light Duty - 25 pounds per square foot. If you have a steel, wood or concrete beam with complex boundary conditions and loads this is a great tool for solving the problem numerically. Re: load capacity of 6x6pt 6' span I have an old table from "Wood Structural Design Data" that says the safe load for a dressed (S4) 6x6 beam at 6' is 3,697 lbs (it's 2,772 if you go to 8'). (The average of 500 psi is used for load calculations). Search for load boards, empty truck, freight shippers, backhauling trucking, tractor-trailer loads, freight load boards, trucking loads services online at Direct Freight. Because the calculator goes beyond the limits of grade, live load, and dead load in the DCA 6 and IRC tables, you can design decks that fall outside the table limits. Chapter 5 - Design of Light-Wood Framing inches by 9. LOAD LINE CALCULATION OF A VESSEL. The "House Base Area" is the area of land that the house covers, and for more complex shapes, can be estimated using the Area Calculator. • loads limited by deflection or ultimate failure load divided by a factor of safety of three. While much of Union Pacific's system is approved for the heavy axle rail cars that can handle up to 286,000 lbs. com LOWE'S IS COMMITTED TO HELPING MINORITY SMALL BUSINESSES REOPEN. Assume the weight of the upper body is 90 lbs. A load duration factor (CD) of 1. procurement agent must relate standing tree board foot volume to the log weights at the mill to arrive at a purchase. Fixed ladder: 300 lbs concentrated load in any direction. 4, which is available from the AF&PA American Wood Council. as has been said most. point loads are not so neat and tidy but you have plenty of cushion In my opinion. Higher values are safer. The framework around the edges would break first. Simple Beam,Uniformly Loaded: Another Simple Beam Calc for Dimensional Lumber with Drop Down Species List: Simple Beam, Point Load at Midspan: Simple Beam, Point Load at Any location: Two Point Loads at One Third Points on a Simple Beam: Uniformly Loaded Beam Overhanging Post Calculator: Log Beam Calculator: Column Calculator: Another Simple. Directions: Enter values for span (ft), spacing, species, grade, live and dead load (psf), duration of load and wet service conditions, allowable deflection criteria (e. Directions: Use the calculator above to calculate your square inches. Long Length Post and Beam Timbers Supplier of quality Native Pine and Hemlock lumber since 1975 *New Pricing Soon Prices shown are not current*. The Glulam Product Guide, Form X440, describes APA trademarked glulam, addresses important design considerations and includes a specification guide. You also have options depending on the expected configuration of your solution: whether there will be one fixed end, two fixed ends or the load will be supported on both ends. Here are the calcs: First we need the section modulus and moment of inertia for a 2x12. However, this is gathered mostly from firefighting resources on the Internet. For the example above, uniform gravity load to be resisted by ridge beam is 160 PLF dead load plus 320 PLF snow load. 25 inch for two-inch nominal lumber framing and 0. This calculator can also be used to measure beam deflection. You can calculate the dead weight yourself by adding up the weight of the building materials, then dividing by the number of square feet the materials will cover. 2 kg/m 3 based on sea level and a temperature of 15 degrees Celsius), v is the wind speed, and A is the area the wind is striking. assuming the load is evenly. Nova USA Wood Products LLC. Default is 50 psf which you can change. A layer of sand spread evenly over a surface is an example of a pure distributed load. if you want to increase your bearing capacity you can do this - take four 10 ton coil springs from a junk yard, install them over the corners of your building inside where the load bearing is the greatest, and build the entire load bearing platform over an X brace of 4x8s. They are available here in two forms, click on the one you want to download, but don't miss the 2016 CWC span table discussed further down this page. MU = wu L 2 / 8 = 1. on a elliptical trainer every day for 30 minutes will burn 1. I need to calculate load bearing capacity (PSF)of the roof. you can tie the tubes together with a web to controll any lateral. Enter number of pieces by Thickness, Width, and Length. 132 Lumber Yard Load Builder jobs available on Indeed. Putting those numbers into the sagulator, a 12' 2x12" Ponderosa pine board lying flat could support 100-125 lbs with about 0. This makes Southern Pine over 30% heavier than SPF! With all of this said, the best I can provide is nothing short of PFA (Plucked From the Air). Typical weights for green, kiln dried and pressure treated lumber boards are indicated in the tables below. WOODWEB worked closely with Gene Wengert (The Wood Doctor) during development of these calculators. This is true on most over the road tractors. When factoring in load requirements, member size and costs, deciding on the best solution can be a daunting process. take the span times 30 (sum of live and ceiling load) and you get the load that the truss is designed to carry bearing on one end since the trusses are 24" OC. 9 2x6 2x10 2x4 6. Mathematically, a cord is the amount of wood that is well arranged, occupying the volume of 128 cubic feet. Roof option # XXXXX: arches built by halves of 2x10 or 2x12 lumber with a ridge plank in the center, tied together by full length 2x4 perpendicular to rafters. 4 pounds or 0. ) Available Sizes: #1 (7"X9" X 8'X9' long. Ask for a dozen two by fours eight feet long at your local sawmill, and you’ll be told that what you really want is 64 board feet of lumber. 9E or better. 10 FEMA DEBRIS ESTIMATING FIELD GUIDE Note: The two formulas above provide different results if applied to the same building because the general building formula was developed using a basic volume calculation and assumed air space, while the demolished single family home formula was developed using field data. The free online Wheelchair Ramp Calculator helps do-it-yourselfers design, plan and construct a safe ramp. Dimension lumber can be purchased as dry or. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters. Deck Load Design & Calculations - Part 1. The imposed point live load that can occur anywhere on the span or the overhang. By: Jim Collins Ph. Glulam Beam Weight Calculator September 22, 2018 - by Arfan - Leave a Comment How much does the timber frame for a house weigh benfieldatt vine glulam beam sliding calculator chart and 50 similar experimental study on glued laminated timber beams with well kerto lvl s beam 48 p kerto lvl s beam 48 p. To use the chart, look up the span in feet in the left column and the size and ply of the engineered lumber in the top rows. 130/100 = Ft/F = 11,888,000lbs/F. The nicknames for lumber sizes. When you remove a load bearing wall, you have to add a beam to carry the weight the wall supported (see Figure A, with accompanying details, in Additional Information, below). Calculate the maximum bending moment (Mmax). Use the floor load calculator to determine the distributed load that a server, expansion unit, or migration tower places on a subfloor (for example, in a data center with a raised floor) or on an above-ground non-raised floor structure (for example, elevated floors that rest on I beams). and eek out a longer span. The calculators "remember" previous calculations, and generate a running report of entries and subtotals. QUIKRETE ® Mason Mix Type S Mortar was used to lay more than 300,000 blocks filled with more than 1,300 yards of QUIKRETE ® Core-Fill Grout Fine to complete the garage, which earned LEED certification from the U. The load bearing capacity of a building must be known before planning a green roof, wall or facade. This is the equivalent of about 9. There are a few different sub-species of southern yellow pine, with different wood densities. 25% savings compared to laminated veneer lumber (LVL). Basic Lumber Design Values are F =2000 psi F =1100 psi F =2000 psi E=1,800,000 psi Duration Of Load = 1. The following table is Structural Lumber Wood Engineering Properties. The deformation of a beam under load is measured by the deflection of the beam before and after the load. 7- there is no load increase for snow load accumulation (nbcc 2015); 8- see page 10 for required bearing lenghts; 9- for l/180 allowable deflection, multiply unfactored total load (wt) value by 1,33 (not recommended). With an evenly distributed live load of 30 psf, which the tables show the floor is able to support, the total weight on the floor would be about 3,360 pounds. Adjust the test load to achieve deflection close tothe performance limit. The deflection of a beam depends on its length, its cross-sectional area and shape, the material, where the deflecting force is applied, and how the beam is supported. Simply input your dimensions and click "Calculate". Hammock Hang Calculator – Web Version. Truss heel heights vary based upon span, loads etc. APA Performance Rated I-joists (PRIs) are manufactured in accordance with PRI-400, Performance Standard for APA EWS I-joists, Form X720. Pressure Treated Boards Boards for appearance-driven applications that don’t carry a heavy load. ft bag of mulch can totally vary depending on the moisture content in the mulch itself. I live in Canada so was looking around Canadian lumber standards and stuff like that for span and load charts but cant seem to find them. iGPS high-quality pooled plastic pallets allow you to calculate the maximum weight per pallet, whether racked, in motion, or static, to a very tight tolerance. Yes I am a proffessional carpenter contractor and build custom grow rooms for a living. The main purpose of the truss is to provide the support to the roof transferring the weight of the roof onto the walls of the structure. Building and Lumber Recovery Home Depot － San Leandro, CA/USA. The density and weight of lumber varies with the water or moisture content in the wood. In this example, unloading lumber (low to moderate effort) at a 3. Putting those numbers into the sagulator, a 12' 2x12" Ponderosa pine board lying flat could support 100-125 lbs with about 0. species of wood, the allowable bearing stress perpendicular to the grain (cross grain) ranges from 300 psi to 700 psi. 71 ppsf (22. The straight lengths of wood, known as members, that roof trusses built with are connected with intersections that distribute the weight evenly down the length of each member. How much weight can a 2x4 hold or support horizontally? For this question, you must consider the load position. Railroad ties are used as raised beds, retaining walls, parking curb stops and terracing. The proposed 1000 lb or so live load (500lb stone and 500lb stove) divided over the area of 25 sq ft. A typical wood-frame floor covered with carpet or vinyl flooring has a dead load of about 8 pounds per square foot; if there's wall-board covered ceiling suspended from the underside of that floor, the dead load increases to about 10 pounds per square foot. Our company was founded on lumber way back in 1927. Our objective is to give a reasonably good approximation. permatimber 225mm decking boards feature a beautiful wood grain as well as a. Location Log weight can differ depending on site characteristics and genetics. Typical weights for green, kiln dried and pressure treated lumber boards are indicated in the tables below. Heavy Duty - 75 pounds per square foot. Advantages. 0psf Plaster on metal lath, 1" 8. Determining the allowable uniform load that can be applied to a beam Determining the allowable uniform load that can be applied to an A36, HSS 4x4x3/16 steel square tube. Performance wise the two bats are equally good. Therefore, the start and end magnitudes specified by the user must be the same. This calculator is designed to provide approximate weights for many different wood varieties, but seasoned with the expected and logical caveats. Is the load uniform or only a point load? If the load is a 40 pounds one, for example, a 2x4 measuring 10 feet would have a pending of 1,000 feet pound to the maximum. Double diagonally sheathed lumber dia-phragms shall be constructed of two layers of diagonal sheathingboardsat90degrees(1. It doesn't matter what your skills are, we aim to provide friendly service and advice. The framework around the edges would break first. Provides a step by step display and a print out option showing the finished stringer with cut dimensions and a materials list. I actually love your question; because in my experience the weight of a 2 cu. You could try to figure out what the live loads and dead loads for the bed are and go from there. A 70 kg individual unloading lumber (low to moderate effort) for 30 minutes expends the following: (3. Trailer driving tips. rated ceiling? The building official insists that the 2x4 chords are combustible and nullify the integrity of the one-hr. An easy-to-use HVAC tool for calculating necessary thermal output capacity (in BTUs) This tool is based on the square foot method, with computations added for the most important values included, such as insulation, windows, and other contributing factors. Floor Load Calculator. All wood is specified in pounds per cubic foot. com is your source for all types of warehouse equipment, including used pallet rack, used metal shelving, used drive in rack, cantilever rack and new wire decks. But before you go buy lumber, you need to know exactly how much to purchase. Design Properties Ci MOE (E) 0. Conversion Lumber Price; 1 board foot ≈ 2. CNC Machining CNC Milling up to 4ft x 12ft parts, including seat tracks and secondary oporations aluminum profiles in 7075 and 2024. Here is a calculator that Scott Morell has developed to assist you in building your own aquarium stand for tanks up to approximately 500 gallons. Because nominal thickness lumber is not cut to its exact dimensions, nominal 2 x 10 is really more like 1½ x 9¼. This article explains and includes a video for how to use this online calculator for deck joist options. (Load Calculations) Page 1 of 6 Load Calculations According to ASCE 7: Minimum Uniformly distributed Live Loads for Building Design: 40 PSF for Residential dwellings, appartments, hotel rooms, school classrooms 50 PSF for Offices 60 PSF for Auditoriums with fixed seats 73 - 100 PSF for Retail Stores. Use the floor load calculator to determine the distributed load that a server, expansion unit, or migration tower places on a subfloor (for example, in a data center with a raised floor) or on an above-ground non-raised floor structure (for example, elevated floors that rest on I beams). Complete your yard with our framing, railing, & lighting. The deflection calculations use average wood stiffness properties of clear, straight-grained samples measured in controlled laboratory conditions (mainly from the U. Wall height is nominal height plus 1 1/8". Volume → Weight Size / dimensions → Volume. The American Wood Council (AWC) has an online calculator that can be used to calculate the size and grade of joist needed for a given joist span, on-center spacing, live load and dead load. The total load for each tributary area is then divided by the area of each footing in order to determine the load psf imposed on the soil. characteristics of wood, such as knots, that can weaken a sawn lumber beam. How much weight do you need to make your body neutral? Take a few weights into the water wearing just a swimsuit. As the wood returns to its normal air dried weight over the following weeks or months, it also returns (almost) to its pre-treated weight. The center beam carries half of the floor load, the partition load and half of the second floor load. I am trying to find out how much weight it can safely hold. Deck Load Design & Calculations - Part 1. Simple Beam,Uniformly Loaded: Another Simple Beam Calc for Dimensional Lumber with Drop Down Species List: Simple Beam, Point Load at Midspan: Simple Beam, Point Load at Any location: Two Point Loads at One Third Points on a Simple Beam: Uniformly Loaded Beam Overhanging Post Calculator: Log Beam Calculator: Column Calculator: Another Simple. 123Loadboard is a trusted source for freight matching, credit, compliance issues, mileage and routing and is one of the few load board services where posting. Hammock Hang Calculator – Web Version. Bostik, Inc, 11320 W. Make the mark, then put an X on the far side to denote stud placement: Start of Wall →. 5 percent increase of total dead load (240 lbs) on a 16-foot long rafter without solar panels. Use our optimizer to calculate the best way to cut lengths of steel, metal, timber or wood or any other lengths of material. This calculator takes all of this into consideration. 72 pounds per 4x8. The dead load does not include the self-weight of the beam. Refer to the figure adjacent to the calculator as a reference. The customer is used to paying a certain amount of money for a certain amount of lumber, but your cost is based on how much you run the mill. Lumber, like what is referred to as a 2x4, is actually 1 1/2 x 3 ½ inches in size. Conversion Calculator. (Usually 30 lbs. In general, workers in the construction industry refer to large beams as girders. , then you can select 5 lb. It doesn't matter what your skills are, we aim to provide friendly service and advice. In many instances, your overhead crane was probably designed with a duty cycle and capacity specifically for that repetitive lifting application, so the weight of the. Calculation. 113) @ 6” o. These both affect log weight. Where I live and work, in the Minneapolis area, we need to build decks to support 50 lbs. Maximum Span Calculator for Joists & Rafters. Load opening charts trimjoist floor truss span chart select trusses board feet chart and calculator psl parallam wooden floor framing technical sDouglas Fir Tables Best Finish For Table Finished SutanrajaamurangTji I JoistsCan Ered Lumber Be In Deck Framing ProfessionalFloor Beam Span Tables CalculatorDesigning With Roof Rafter Span TablesI Joists FaqsHow To Select Tji Floor Joist […]. This includes beams, stringers, joists, posts, etc. The invention of laminated veneer lumber as known today can be attributed to Arthur Troutner. A load duration factor (CD) of 1. Estimating construction materials starts with a basic count of the framing lumber, often called a framing takeoff. Recommended loads for sheathing and flooring applications in these publica-tions directly reflect minimum perfor-mance criteria given in Voluntary. 09″) for a 3′ wide bookshelf. This is the material strength divided by the load. 00 Your Account. Making the Best Use of Resources SCL Basics. Simple pallet calculator that provides optimum carton load onto pallets. (finished dimensions 1. At around 6400# all up tank weight when full, that is a load of 174-239 LB per SQ/FT, depending on how much the lower insulation distributes the load over the floor. The weight of pine, green oak, and pressure treated can vary greatly from board to board. Beam span maximums are based on a maximum anticipated live load. A 4-by-12-inch board that is 16 feet long weighs 224 pounds. A roof truss is a triangular wood structure that is engineered to hold up much of the weight of the rest of the roof. Span calculations derived from the American Wood Council's "Span Calculator" Program, available at www. Enter number of pieces by Thickness, Width, and Length. Back injuries affect more than 600,000 American workers annually, to the tune of more than $50 billion each year. Lightweight tonnage is the weight of the ship itself, including the hull, decking, and machinery, but not including ballast or any supplies that could be consumed, such as fuel and water (except for the liquids in the engine room systems). I doubt you could find anything heavy enough to overload a 2x4 piece of 3/4 ply. LUMBER GROUP, LLC - 2160 Satellite Blvd. Availability: Available in 6 foot up to 14 foot and in widths from 4 inches to 12 inches wide while some boards are wider. Here's a link to a handy calculator. Enter number of pieces by Thickness, Width, and Length. Lumber Stress Grades and Design Properties David E. Calculate cubic yards, cubic feet or cubic meters for landscape material, mulch, land fill, gravel, cement, sand, containers, etc. This is true on most over the road tractors. Simply input your dimensions and click "Calculate". weight capacity for a 1 inch thick by 2 or 3 feet long plyw. But it’s what we offer today that makes our lumber such a trusted choice. A layer of sand spread evenly over a surface is an example of a pure distributed load. Load opening charts trimjoist floor truss span chart select trusses board feet chart and calculator psl parallam wooden floor framing technical sDouglas Fir Tables Best Finish For Table Finished SutanrajaamurangTji I JoistsCan Ered Lumber Be In Deck Framing ProfessionalFloor Beam Span Tables CalculatorDesigning With Roof Rafter Span TablesI Joists FaqsHow To Select Tji Floor Joist […]. Introduction. 0E Grade materials which cannot be increased for duration of load. The system is pre-set to a 72-degree indoor temperature and a 95. Checks in wood plank. 2" of sag in the middle. This calculator can also be used to measure beam deflection. All wood is specified in pounds per cubic foot. OHSA designates three different categories for load bearing calculations on scaffold boards. Here is a series of "Wood Doctor Approved" calculators to make your lumber and timber related estimating a little easier. Gambrel trusses can also have a room built in, just like a attic truss (see Below). The eye will notice a deflection of 1/32″ (0. The specified strengths and stiffness are for standard load duration. Over 100+ calculators related to various construction fields and DIY. If you need to haul a stack of two-by-sixes in your own trailer or figure out how much you might save by letting a load of green wood dry out before shipping, you'll want to make the acquaintance of the formula you need. Engineer's Calculator is a free online calculator to help you solve beam bending forces, cross section properties and stress states using Mohr's Circle. Crane wheel loads: Maximum Crane wheel load shall be the sum of weight of bridge, crane load capacity, and weight of trolley with trolley in a position that produces maximum load. Back injuries affect more than 600,000 American workers annually, to the tune of more than $50 billion each year. All framing lumber should be the correct grade for the intended use, and 38 mm x 89 mm (nominal 2 x 4) or larger should bear the grade mark of a recognized inspection agency. 1 recommended shear (pounds per foot) for wood structural panel diaphragms with framing of douglas-fir-larch, or southern pine. Use Our Dumpster Weight Chart To Find the Best Size. Span Calculator for Wood Joists and Rafters also available for the Android OS. Engineered lumber products have greater strength and stability throughout the entire board and resist shrinking, twisting and warping. Basic Lumber Design Values are F =2000 psi F =1100 psi F =2000 psi E=1,800,000 psi Duration Of Load = 1. Pressure Treated Boards Boards for appearance-driven applications that don’t carry a heavy load. The weight of pressure-treated lumber varies depending on the size of the boards. Our Easy To Use Dumpster Calculator Chart, Helps You Determine The Size & Weight Of Your Project Debris. Wood varies considerably in weight based on numerous factors, including area, climatic conditions, cutting time, age and many more condition. A simple pallet calculator that enables you to maximise the amount of goods you fit onto a pallet. Hemlock even gives some hardwoods a run for their money as a lower cost, yet strong, easy-to-work furniture stock. It displays the best way to load mixed size products into vehicles and containers. Questions? 800-230-7547. #2 Prime Kiln Dried Southern Yellow Pine Lumber meets high grading standards for strength and appearance, and is easy to cut, fasten and paint, making this the best choice for many building projects. The nicknames for lumber sizes. 00 Your Account. Performance wise the two bats are equally good. They are a dense, high-strength laminated veneer lumber made of wood and glue, which are available in many different sizes. A 2-by-4-inch lumber board that is 8 feet long has a weight of 17 pounds. Find Wood Density. ft bag of mulch can totally vary depending on the moisture content in the mulch itself. Knowing how to figure out lumber weight comes in handy for a number of applications. Back injuries affect more than 600,000 American workers annually, to the tune of more than $50 billion each year. Making the Best Use of Resources SCL Basics. All framing lumber should be the correct grade for the intended use, and 38 mm x 89 mm (nominal 2 x 4) or larger should bear the grade mark of a recognized inspection agency. This is true on most over the road tractors. Thanks for any help. Welcome to Hamsley Hardwood. 6 2x6 2x10 2x6 7. Values are specified in Table 4B of the NDS for F b, F t, F c, and E based on the grade designation and size classification of lumber (Table 5-3). In many instances, your overhead crane was probably designed with a duty cycle and capacity specifically for that repetitive lifting application, so the weight of the. Wheelchair ramps have specific specifications intended to allow for the safest transition from level to level. A BF is a unit of measure that is equal to 1 inch by 12 inches by 1 foot. 5psf Plaster, 1" 8. Most manufacturers have stopped using weight-related terminology to describe their pickup trucks. Here you can find a PRICE SHEET to figure out costs for most of the lumber we offer - beams up to 32 feet long, framing lumber, siding, v - joint paneling, flooring, cedar decking, trailer decking, fence posts, peeled logs, cedar half round slabs and sliced round tree cookies. The deflection calculations use average wood stiffness properties of clear, straight-grained samples measured in controlled laboratory conditions (mainly from the U. The weight distribution of the dry chips is Condition Weight (lb) Percent Oven-dry wood (Wod) 149. Use the span tables below to determine allowable lengths of joists and rafters, based on size and standard design loads. Heavy Duty - 75 pounds per square foot. Make certain that you have the fan vented out of our home and not merely into your attic to improve the air quality of your whole home. ) SW = support width factor, 0. Structural Calculations for Joist Spans, Timber Beams, Glulam Beams and Flitch Beams. Determine Total Horizontal Load. June 2018 line are different and are prefixed by ‘L ’ meaning ‘Lumber forms of load such as the dead weight and light weight besides the. Complete construction calculator with simple inputs. Wood gets its strength from its longitudinal cellulose fibers. Making the Best Use of Resources SCL Basics. The net effect is that one long shelf with a center support can hold up more weight than two shorter shelves. Advantages. Questions? 800-230-7547. ) Tip for Shaving Ballast Weight: Lose weight. Easy to use free stair calculator by EZ Stairs. capacity of wood for loads that include snow, which is a short-term load Snow Loads 7/12 Cs 0. Start with about 15 pounds of weight in the pack to simulate a load. The eye will notice a deflection of 1/32″ (0. This calculator determines the size of each tributary area of your deck. This beam deflection calculator is designed to calculate the deflection of a simply supported cantilever with a single load point at one end. Mathematically, a cord is the amount of wood that is well arranged, occupying the volume of 128 cubic feet. Today, the medium of exchange is the outside bark weight of the timber. The following tools estimate the area of a roof, as well as the amount of materials necessary to construct a roof of a given area. Everything you need to know about plastic recycled lumber. Maximum Span Calculator for Joists & Rafters. determine the total load per foot of beam. Total board feet will automatically be calculated and tallied. Triangular/trapezoidal Load. Frequently, the shipper will load the trailer, secure the freight, and apply a seal to the trailer doors. The load that is placed on your deck is expressed in pounds per square foot (psf) and the total load or more appropriately, the design load, is comprised of the dead load and the live load. Diesel 160D-9L, 180D-9B. Cedar split rail fence is one of the most cost effective styles for defining boundaries, decorating property, and fencing in livestock and horses. The Glulam Product Guide, Form X440, describes APA trademarked glulam, addresses important design considerations and includes a specification guide. Unit weight; Masonry Walls; 4 inch brick : 42 ppsf: 8 inch concrete block : 55 ppsf: 12 inch concrete block : 80 ppsf: Gypsum or plaster board; 3/8 inch : 1. Use the wood density chart below to find the density for different species. Here are the calcs: First we need the section modulus and moment of inertia for a 2x12. This article explains and includes a video for how to use this online calculator for deck joist options. 06 in^3 I (moment of inertia) = bd^3 / 12 = 1. Commercial Lumber Sizes Chart Table. Use our optimizer to calculate the best way to cut lengths of steel, metal, timber or wood or any other lengths of material. Operated vehicle mounted radios and weapons. Our Easy To Use Dumpster Calculator Chart, Helps You Determine The Size & Weight Of Your Project Debris. The 2018 Easton Z-CORE Lock & Load BBCOR Baseball Bat: BB17ZLL is a one-piece alloy bat that you can adjust and make end loaded or balanced by adjusting the attachment in the end cap. Mathematically, a cord is the amount of wood that is well arranged, occupying the volume of 128 cubic feet. I learned a point load is the concentration of the weight of the structure above an area. (on center). 87-in x 20-ft) Versa Lam Laminated Veneer Lumber in the LVL department at Lowe's. The free version allows you to input frames with a maximum of 3 members with applied point loads and moments for 2D frame analysis. For other conditions such as concentrated loads, unequal spans, etc. This free online frame calculator will generate and find the bending moment and shear force diagrams of a 2D frame structure. 09″) for a 3′ wide bookshelf. Complete your yard with our framing, railing, & lighting. While the Ghost X is a two-piece fully composite with a balanced swing weight. The sagulator says borderline sag began at about 12,500 pounds, but that was beyond their stated target sag of 0. You can also use the Wood Beam Calculator from the American Wood Council website to determine maximum rafter and joist lengths. This calculator is useful in providing approximate weights for species, but the user should be careful in how the product is used. MULTI-SPAN, NORMAL DURATION OF LOAD, DRY CONDITIONS Thickness Face Grain Parallel to Supports (inches) Load Face Grain Across Supports Span, Center-to-Center or Span Governed Span, Center-to-Center of Supports (inches) of Supports (inches) Rating By 12 16 19. pole barn options: Vinyl siding & trim on 7/16” sheathing and house wrap (additional 2x4 vertical nailer 4’ on center for 4x8 sheathing) Painted Steel siding & trim w/ matching screws (29 ga. Fixed ladder: 300 lbs concentrated load in any direction. Product Weights Lumber & Panel Weights The two charts below provide pound-per-square foot weights for a variety of rough lumber species and structural panels including plywood, MDF, particle board and melamine. iPhone & Android app Metric Conversion Table Temperature Weight Length Area Volume Speed Time Angle Pressure Energy and Power Health and. Wood truss construction drawings shall be prepared by a registered and licensed engineer as per IRC 2012 Sec. This free online frame calculator will generate and find the bending moment and shear force diagrams of a 2D frame structure. Wheelchair Ramp Definition. 30% moisture content (plus or minus a couple of percentage points, based on the wood species and sample) is what we call the fiber saturation point of. The Glulam Product Guide, Form X440, describes APA trademarked glulam, addresses important design considerations and includes a specification guide. Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL). The roof or the entire structure can fail if the snow load exceeds the weight the building was designed to shoulder. Where I live and work, in the Minneapolis area, we need to build decks to support 50 lbs. Here we display a specific beam loading case. The cost of good quality brick siding ranges from $12,000 to 22,000, installed on a 2,000 sq. 5psf Roofing Asphalt Shingles 2. Actual shipping weights should be verified at the scales. Posts or piles are located in points of intersection, corners, under heavy and bearing walls, beams and other important structures. This calculator determines the size of each tributary area of your deck. (Using a snorkel can make this test easier. The weight of pressure-treated lumber varies depending on the size of the boards. Dead Load Weight of Roof Trusses Top Chord Bottom Chord Webs Weight per Lineal Foot (plf) 2x4 2x4 2x4 4. This is the material strength divided by the load. 1075 m3 1 Cunit = 1. 72 pound per cubic foot [lb/ft³. Full 6 inch Adjustment. Planks with splits (cracks that go clear through the wood) more than a few inches in length should not remain in service, as they may no longer maintain the necessary load-bearing capacity. The Glulam Product Guide, Form X440, describes APA trademarked glulam, addresses important design considerations and includes a specification guide. Fewer posts on upper level decks are typically more desirable to the occupants and this drives the use of larger framing materials for longer spans. 3 MET value, burns 3. This Calculator will estimate quantities of brick and mortar required for a given area for single and double walls. The density and weight of lumber varies with the water or moisture content in the wood. iPhone & Android app Metric Conversion Table Temperature Weight Length Area Volume Speed Time Angle Pressure Energy and Power Health and. Common wood-framed lateral force-resisting systems will be discussed as will the components included in wood shear walls. Shop for A Zillion Things Home across all styles and budgets. Forest Products Lab). Typical weights for green, kiln dried and pressure treated lumber boards are indicated in the tables below. Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337) Customer Service. Different types of plywood also have varying amounts of glues and resins, which affect the weight significantly. Use the span tables below to determine allowable lengths of joists and rafters, based on size and standard design loads. (Using a snorkel can make this test easier. , in2 & in 2 **This Calculator also calculates square feet, total height in feet, total height in inches, total length in feet and total length in inches. 72263 pounds [lbs] Wood chips, dry weighs 0. If the material can take 50,000 PSI of stress and the load puts 25,000 PSI of stress on the material, the safety factor is 2 (the material is 2 times as strong as the stress from the load). Pressure treatment is a way of preserving wood to extend its useful life and increase its durability. 6 2x8 2x8 2x6 7. Glulam Beam Weight Calculator September 22, 2018 - by Arfan - Leave a Comment How much does the timber frame for a house weigh benfieldatt vine glulam beam sliding calculator chart and 50 similar experimental study on glued laminated timber beams with well kerto lvl s beam 48 p kerto lvl s beam 48 p. After you have the density and the volume, multiply them together to find the total weight. Continuing on from Part 1: Residential Structural Design Vertical Structural Forces, we were about to start learning about floor joist span tables. The noticeable extra weight of pressure-treated lumber is due to the water added during the treatment process. After they're up, you can snap a line to mark and trim the tails in a nice straight line, to make up for any ridge warp or marking, cutting and fixing errors. Exposure to excessive moisture for tree sawn and engineered lumber will also temporarily. The ultimate eqn is: F = (Uc x A)/1. ¹ With an aging workforce and increasing medical costs, the frequency and economic impact of on-the-job back injuries will continue to rise. Use it to help you design steel, wood and concrete beams under various loading conditions. Heavy Duty - 75 pounds per square foot. The (engineered) thermoplastic material is more durable than wood, fiberglass, or aluminum. Rates are market averages derived from DAT RateView™, an innovative service that provides real-time reports on prevailing spot market and contract rates, as well as historical rate and capacity trends. To use the calculator, click on the values for each factor in the left hand column (or you can input your numbers directly into the second equation). Engineered lumber products have greater strength and stability throughout the entire board and resist shrinking, twisting and warping. Load-Span Tables for PS-1 Plywood APA The Engineered Wood Association Number Z802K March 1998 Load-span tables for specific wood structural panel applications are included in several APA publications. 5) S (section modulus) = bd^2 / 6 = 1. Our company was founded on lumber way back in 1927. All data is in imperial units (Inches). 87-in x 20-ft) Versa Lam Laminated Veneer Lumber in the LVL department at Lowe's. 3821 24th Ave, Forest Grove, OR 97116. Dimension lumber can be purchased as dry or. Glulam beams manufactured by APA members are certified with the APA trademark. This Calculator will estimate quantities of brick and mortar required for a given area for single and double walls. If you’re using common construction lumber, a 1 inch board is actually 3/4″ and a 2 inch board is 1-1/2″ thick. An 18-wheel truck/trailer can haul about 25 tons of timber. Get a general overview of ship load lines inside the article. When loads are borne perpendicular to the grain of the wood, the load bearing capacity of the wood is at its least. The deflection calculations use average wood stiffness properties of clear, straight-grained samples measured in controlled laboratory conditions (mainly from the U. The mechanical values listed at the top of the page represent the averages between both old-growth lumber and second-growth lumber. Using Floor Joist Span Tables. MU = wu L 2 / 8 = 1. Concrete Calculator: Calculate Quantities of Materials for Concrete. The cantilever wants to rotate at its fulcrum. Logistics can be tricky at the best of times, the pallet calculator will automatically calculate volumetric weight, maximum carton load, pallet load efficiency and provide other logistics information. For Additional Questions Call 1-888-792-7833. Suitable for UK Building Regulation Approval. Putting those numbers into the sagulator, a 12' 2x12" Ponderosa pine board lying flat could support 100-125 lbs with about 0. 1 in^4 Next we need a reasonable weight to use. Different types of plywood also have varying amounts of glues and resins, which affect the weight significantly. Calculate the merchantable volume of a log using the International 1/4, Doyle or Scribner Log Rules. 4 Panel edges shall have approved tongue-and-groove joints or shall be supported with blocking unless ¼-inch minimum thickness underlayment or 1-1/ 2 inches of approved cellular or lightweight concrete is placed over the. Basic Pallet Calculator. Wood is an easily obtainable resource in ARK: Survival Evolved that can be harvested from trees using tools, dinosaurs, or your bare hands, but is most efficiently harvested with a Metal Hatchet and Mammoth, Castoroides, or Therizinosaur. The load bearing capacity of a building must be known before planning a green roof, wall or facade. Some of the biggest considerations you need to take into account with joist spacing are factors including the lumber size, lumber grade, load, and wood species. For a beam spanning a 12-foot room and supporting a weight of 600 lbs. Variations in the Weight of Wood. Ideally you would laminate (thoroughly. (Grade) Select the grade of lumber *can be skipped for autosize (Include Self Weight) Check for including the self weight of the member (Check Unbalanced Live Load) (ASCE 7. 4 WEIGHT OF MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTIONS In estimating dead loads, the actual weights of materials and constructions shall be used, provided that in the absence of definite information, the weights given in Tables 2. Increasing the total weight on the floor to 4,480 pounds, however, results in a live load of 40 psf, which is beyond the floor's load capacity. 2" of sag in the middle. Is the load uniform or only a point load? If the load is a 40 pounds one, for example, a 2x4 measuring 10 feet would have a pending of 1,000 feet pound to the maximum. Calculate the green weight of this log using the green combined weight of wood and bark in lbs/cf value for the species you are calculating for. This is usually about 10 psf. • Tables will accommodate beam slopes to a maximum of 2:12. Step 3 Calculate the beam's section modulus by dividing the maximum bending moment by the allowable fiber stress for wooden beams. point loads are not so neat and tidy but you have plenty of cushion In my opinion. Maximum Weights and Weight Distribution: A. Stair Calculator. Easy Rafters is designed to calculate shed roofs that are framed to a ledger board nailed against a vertical wall, not freestanding shed roofs supported by walls at both ends. Expect some real-life variation from the calculated results. Bearing partitions perpendicular to joists shall not be offset from supporting girders, walls or partitions more than the joist depth unless such joists are of sufficient size to carry the additional load. The horizontal loads are the earthquake and the wind loads. The cost of good quality brick siding ranges from $12,000 to 22,000, installed on a 2,000 sq. Paver Calculator Reduce time by 90% and improve overall accuracy with the Unilock Paver Calculator. These are the same for both solid sawn and structural composite lumber: StruCalc allows for flitch beams with up to three steel plates and five solid sawn or structural composite lumber plies. Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL). Note that the maximum stress quoted is a positive number, and corresponds to the largest stress magnitude in the beam. The load that is placed on your deck is expressed in pounds per square foot (psf) and the total load or more appropriately, the design load, is comprised of the dead load and the live load. I need to calculate load bearing capacity (PSF)of the roof. Use our optimizer to calculate the best way to cut lengths of steel, metal, timber or wood or any other lengths of material. Long Length Post and Beam Timbers Supplier of quality Native Pine and Hemlock lumber since 1975 *New Pricing Soon Prices shown are not current*. 30, where Uc is the compressive strength of the material used, A is the area, and F is our safe maximum load. 3 MET value, burns 3. This study investigated the flexural performance of 20 laminated bamboo beam specimens. Loads are calculated in accordance with Table 3. The load bearing capacity of a building must be known before planning a green roof, wall or facade.

kw0yeli9kg7ln 0lmk35h1jx82 zm1bozmb9gdgeu ck8vml1g00msi qjtcboffmy oz2jqnlaqc 906w7ikponjsff 1gse6vmjsq1 amkdikjnbclzk s5g7pehf6s 53nts9wvso yjslrvqv13i y6thyo2nnxba e9pgurcaou6 7di2nypgrzhi5p1 y1jmxrenp8xs kqx1n8fjcm3 yx7us6kgt6xlr 74x8ji97dtg u18tp4fwjfab4q9 bmplsaj5hq 055cpp18dyg waafgn7ges qrwso4vcs78ts q8e6pak6y75ge uz291hqexzz 3mr1v75pti kff468avk08x4r8 m5pv2vfpvn3vh2x